Bibliography Environmental Management, Standards, and Energy Conservation

This posting lists the current bibliography for my independent study.  I would love to receive feedback about these books and articles as I begin to compile this research. Especially if there is an excellent article about these topics that I missed.

I wanted to post this bibliography online because I found a lot of the information online ( or from a preventive conservation annotated bibliography compiled  by Associate Conservator of Objects and Adjunct Assistant Professor Bruno Pouliot.  I hope these sources are helpful for anyone studying similar topics.


ASHRAE Applications Handbook. 2003. Atlanta, GA: American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers.

Brown, Jonathan P. 1994. Hygrometric measurement in museums: calibration, accuracy, and the specification of relative humidity. IIC Preprints. International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works Ottawa congress.  Ottawa, Canada: IIC. 39-43.

Brown, J. and W. Rose. 1996. Humidity and moisture in historic buildings: the origins of building and object conservation. APT Bulletin 27 (3): 12-23.

Brimblecombe, Peter. 2005. Effects of the Cultural Environment.  In Cultural heritage conservation and environmental impact assessment by non-destructive testing and micro-analysis. eds van Grieken, René and Janssens, Koen H.A. London: A.A. Balkema

Bullock, Linda. 2009. Environmental controls in National Trust properties.  Journal of Architectural Conservation. 15 (1): 83-98.

Cassar, M. 1995. Environmental management: guidelines for museums and galleries. London and New York: Routledge.

Conrad, Ernest A, PE.  1995. Balancing environmental needs of the building, the collection, and the user. East Norwalk, CT: Landmark Facilities Group.

Conrad, Ernest A. 1996. Environmental monitoring as a diagnostic tool. Preservation of collections: assessment, evaluation, and mitigation strategies: papers presented at the workshop, Norfolk, Virginia, June 10-11, 1996. Washington, D.C.: AIC. 15-20.

Harris, S.Y. 2001. Building Pathology: Deterioration, Diagnostics and Intervention. New York: John Wiley.

Jessup, W. C., ed. 1995.  Conservation in context: finding a balance for the historic house museum.  Washington, D.C.: The National Trust for Historic Preservation.

Kerschner, R.  A practical approach to environmental requirements for collections in historic buildings.  Journal of the American Institute for Conservation 31 (1): 65-76 <>

Lstiburek, J. and J. Carmody. 1993. Moisture control handbook. New York, NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Oreszczyn, T., M. Cassar and K. Fernandez. 1994. Comparative Study of Air-Conditioned and Non Air-Conditioned Museums. IIC Preprints. International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works Ottawa congress.  Ottawa, Canada: IIC. 144-148.

Padfield, Tim. An Introduction to the Physics of the Museum Environment. Available:

Paine, S. R. 1985. How to control environmental conditions in historical agencies and museums. Technical Report 3. Nashville, Tennessee: Technical Information Service of the American Association for State and Local History.

Park, S. 1991. Preservation Brief 24: Heating, ventilating, and cooling historic buildings: problems and recommended approaches. Washington, D.C.: Department of the Interior, Government Printing Office.

Park, S. 1999. HVAC for historic buildings. ASHRAE Journal. April: 91-98.

Stolow, N. 1994. The preservation of historic houses and sites: the interface of architectural restoration and collection/display conservation principles. Preventive conservation: practice, theory and research: Preprints of the contributions to the Ottawa Congress, 12-16 September. London: International Institute for Conservation. 116-122.

Taylor, Thomas H., Guest Editor. 1996. Museums in Historic Buildings. APT Bulletin The Journal of Preservation Technology. 27 (3): 7-64.

Thompson, G. 1986. The Museum Environment. 2nd ed. London: Butterworth Publishers.

Winterthur Museum. 2007.  Guidelines and Procedures for Preventive Conservation at Winterthur Museum. Winterthur, DE: Winterthur Museum, Garden and Library.

Williams, M. 1994. Fresh-air climate conditioning at the Arthur M. Sackler Museum. In Care of Collections. ed. S. Knell. London: Routledge. 107-116.


Anderson, Catherine E., and Clyde Kestner. 2003. Environmental monitoring and revised environmental standards at the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. In Environmental Monitoring of our Cultural Heritage-Sustainable Conservation Solutions. Milton Keyes, UK: Environmental Building Solutions, Ltd.

Ashley-Smith, J., N. Umney and D. Ford. 1994. Let’s be honest—realistic environmental parameters for loaned objects.  Preventive conservation: practice, theory and research: Preprints of the contributions to the Ottawa Congress, 12-16 September. London: International Institute for Conservation. 28-31.

Erhardt, D., M.F. Mecklenburg, C.S. Tumosa, and M. McCormick-Goodhart, 1997. The Determination of Appropriate Museum Environments.  The interface between science and conservation.  British Museum Occasional Papers No. 116.  S. Bradley, ed. London: The British Museum. 153-163.

Erhardt, David., Charles S. Tumosa, and Marion.F. Mecklenburg. 2007. Applying
Science to the Question of Museum Climate. In Museum Microclimates. T.
Padfield and K. Borchensen (eds.). National Museum of Denmark.   Also
available online at

Lull, W.P. 1994.  Further comments on climate control guidelines. Abbey Newsletter 18(7):87-88.

Lull, W.P. 1995. Conservation environment guidelines for libraries and archives. Ottawa: Canadian Council of Archives.

McCrady, E. 1994. Temperature & RH guidelines challenged by Smithsonian. Abbey Newsletter. 18(4-5):44-45.

Mecklenburg, M. F., and C. S. Tumosa. 1999. Temperature and relative humidity effects on the mechanical and chemical stability of collections. ASHRAE Journal 41(4): 69-74.

Padfield, T. and K. Borchensen (eds.). 2007. Museum Microclimates. National Museum of Denmark.
The text is fully available online through the National Museum of Denmark website (

Michalski, S. 1993. Relative humidity: a discussion of correct/incorrect values. ICOM Committee for Conservation preprints, 10th Triennial Meeting, Washington, D.C. Paris: ICOM. 2: 624-628.

Michalski, S. 1993. Relative humidity in museums, galleries, and archives: Specification and control. In Bugs, Mold and Rot II. A Workshop on Control of Humidity for Health, Artifacts, and Buildings. Proceedings, eds. W. B. Rose, and A. TenWolde. Washington, D.C.: The National Institute of Building Sciences. 51-62.


Ayres, J., J. Marx, C. Haiad, H. Lau. 1988. Energy Conservation and Climate Control in Museums. Los Angeles: Ayres Ezer Lau Consulting Engineers.

Burmester, Andreas. 2005. Visions for a new museum: the Museum Brandhorst
Studies in Conservation 50 (Preprint of the Forbes Prize Lecture presented at the IIC’s Twentieth International Congress ‘Modern Art, New Museums’ at Bilbao (Spain) on the 13th of September 2004.)

Cassar, Mary ed. 1994.  Museum Environment Energy.  London: HMSO.

Christoffersen, Lars D. Zephyr. 1995. Passive Climate Controlled Repositories. Storage Facilities for Museum, Archive and Library Purposes. Copenhagen: National Museum of Denmark Conservation Department.

Climate change and preserving cultural heritage in the 21st Century. 2008. 90-minute video of panel discussion.

Cull, Dan.  Who you calling conservationist? Blog posting and comments.

deSiliva, Megan. 2009. Steps towards environmental sustainability in Museums & Conservation. Presentation at the Welsh Libraries Archives and Museums Conference 21 - 22 May 2009: Space for all    Available at:

Dubin, F., Mindell, H., Selwyn, B. 1976.   How to save energy and cut costs in exisiting industrial and commercial buildings. Park Ridge, NJ: Noyes Data Corporation.

Fulton, R. 1988. Curators and M&E Consulting Engineers. Museums Journal 87 (4): 203-205.

IIC Climate Change and Museum Collections September 17, 2008 conference.  Transcript available online at

Matthai, R. ed. 1979. Protection of cultural properties during energy emergencies & energy conservation and historic preservation.  New York: Technical Assistance Project.

Padfield, Tim. 1990. Low-Energy Climate Control in Museum Stores. ICOM Committee for Conservation Preprints. 9th Triennial Meeting. Paris: ICOM Committee for Conservation II. 596-601.

Podany, Jerry, Henry, Michael C., Cassar, May, Staniforth, Sarah, Serota, Nicholas, Sabbioni, Cristina and Reilly, James M. 2005. Climate Change and Museum Collections
Studies in Conservation. 53 287-297

Royal Ontario Museum. 1979.  In Search of a Black Box.  A report on the Proceedings of a Workshop on Micro-Climates Held at the Royal Ontario Museum, February 1978.  Toronto, Canada.